Maithili (मैथिली, মৈথিলী, Maithilī) is an Indo-Aryan language
spoken in Nepal and northern India by 34.7 million people as of 2000, of which 2.8 million were in Nepal.
It is written in the Devanagari script.
In the past, Maithili was written primarily in Mithilakshar.
Less commonly, it was written with a Maithili variant of Kaithi, a script used to transcribe other neighboring languages
such as Bhojpuri, Magahi, and Awadhi.
In 2002, Maithili was included in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution, which allows it to be used in education, government,
and other official contexts.
It is recognized as one of the largest languages in India and is the second most widely used language in Nepal.
In India, Maithili is mainly spoken in Bihar up to the Purnia, Munger and Bhagalpur districts. The towns of Madhubani
andDarbhanga constitute cultural and linguistic centers. Native speakers also reside in Delhi, Calcutta and Mumbai.
Maithili in its modified form is the second major language spoken in urban Jharkhand after Hindi.
Maithili is spoken in Sitamarhi,Saharsa, Madhepura and Supaul.
In Nepal, Maithili is spoken mainly in the Outer Terai districts of the Janakpur Zone such as Sarlahi, Mahottari and Dhanusa Districts,
in the Sunsari District of the Koshi Zone, and in the Siraha and Saptari Districts of the Sagarmatha Zone.
Janakpuris an important religious centre. It is spoken by castes and ethnic groups such as the Brahmin, Kayastha, Chamar,
Khatawe, Kurmi, Rajput, Yadav, and Teli. A constitutional provision foresees the introduction of Maithili as medium of
education at the primary school level